Vocabulaire nourriture anglais

Vocabulaire nourriture anglais

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Anglais => Français

breakfast => le petit déjeuner
lunch => le déjeuner
dinner => le dîner
supper => le souper
menu => le menu
starter, appetizer, first course => l’entrée
main course => plat principal
the dish of the day, today’s special => le plat du jour
a recipe => une recette
raw => cru
edible => comestible
unedible => non comestible
appetizing => appétissant

les goûts: tastes

sweet => sucré
salty => salé
peppery => poivré
spicy => épicé
strong => fort
hot => fortement épicé
pungent => piquant
sour => aigre, acide
bitter => amer
tasteless / bland => fade

ingrédients: ingredients

fat => du gras, de la matière grasse
low-fat => pauvre en matières grasses
diet, light => allégé
whole food => aliments complet
dairy product => un produit laitier
cheese => du fromage
skimmed milk, low-fat/skim milk => du lait (demi-) écrémé
yoghurt/yogurt => yaourt
cottage cheese => du fromage blanc
butter => du beurre
margarine => de la margarine
egg => un œuf
omelette => une omelette
boiled egg => un œuf à la coque
scrambled eggs => des œufs brouillés
poached egg => un œuf poché
fried egg => un œuf sur le plat
bread => du pain
brown/white bread (GB), wheat/white bread (US) => du pain bis/blanc
wholemeal/wholegrain/wholewheat bread (US) => pain complet
a loaf of bread => du pain, une miche de pain

a slice of bread => une tranche de pain
sliced bread => du pain tranché
toast => du pain grillé
bun, roll => petit pain au lait
cereal => des céréales
flour => de la farine
scone => sorte de pain au lait
a pancake => une crêpe
pasta => des pâtes
porridge (GB), oatmeal (US) => du porridge
rice => du riz
a sandwich => un sandwich
soup => de la soupe/du potage
a biscuit/cookie (US) => un biscuit
a cake => un gâteau
chewing gum, gum => du chewing-gum
chocolate => du chocolat
crisps (GB), potato chips (US) => des chips
french fries => des frittes
honey => du miel
jam => de la confiture
orange marmalade => de la marmelade d’orange
pastry => une pâtisserie
pie => une tourte
tart => une tarte
sugar => du sucre
sweet (GB), candy (US) => un bonbon
packet of crisps (GB), a bag of chips (US) => un paquet de chips
chocolate bar => une tablette de chocolat
box of chocolates => une boîte de chocolat
pot of jam (GB), a jar of jam (US) => un pot de confiture
packet of biscuits (GB), a bag of cookies (US) => un paquet de biscuit
tin of soup/sardines (GB), a can of soup/sardines (US) => une boîte de soupe/sardines

meat : la viande

rare => saignant
medium => à point
well-done => bien cuit
bacon => bacon
bacon and eggs => des oeufs au bacon
boiled ham => jambon blanc
beef => bœuf
chicken => poulet
chicken breast => blanc de poulet
chop,cutlet => côtelette
cold / cooked meat => viande froide / cuite
duck => canard
goose => oie
gravy => sauce au jus de viande
ham => jambon
knuckle of ham => jambonneau
kidneys => rognons
lamb => agneau
liver => foie
meat => viande
white meat => viande blanche
red meat => viande rouge
minced meat, ground meat => viande hachée
mutton => mouton
pork => porc
rabbit => lapin
sausage => saucisse

smoked ham => jambon fumé
steak => bifteck
stew => ragoût
turkey => dinde
veal => veau
venison => gibier

Fish & seafood : Poissons et fruits de mer
cod => cabillaud
crab => crabe
fish => poisson
fish and chips => poisson frit servi avec des frites
fish fingers (GB), fish sticks (US) => bâtonnets de poisson
haddock => églefin
herring => harreng
kipper, pickled herring => hareng fumé et salé
lobster => homard
mackerel => maquereau
mussels => moules
octopus => pieuvre
oysters => huîtres
prawn, shrimp (US) => crevette (rose)
salmon => saumon
smoked salmon => saumon fumé
sardine => sardine
scampi, shrimp, crawfish (US) => langoustines
shellfish => crustacés
smoked fish => poisson fumé
sole => sole
squid => calamar
trout => truite
tuna => thon
whiting => merlan

Dairy products : les produits laitiers
butter => beurre
cheese => fromage
cream => crème
milk => lait
yogurt => yogourt / yaourt

Fruits: les fruits

apple => pomme
apricot => abricot
avocado =>  avocat
banana => banane
blackcurrant, blackberry (US) => cassis
blueberry => myrthille
cherry => cerise
fig => figue
fruit => fruit
grape => raisin
grapefruit => pamplemousse
kiwi =>  kiwi
lemon => citron
mango => mangue
melon => melon
orange => orange
peach => pêche
pear => poire
pineapple => ananas
plum => prune
raisin => raisin sec
grape => raisin frais
a bunch of grapes => une grappe de raisins
raspberry => framboise
strawberry => fraise
tangerine => mandarine
tomato => tomate
watermelon => pastèque
almond => amande
hazelnut => noisette
nut => noix
coconut => noix de coco
peanut => cacahuète
walnut => noix

Vegetables : Les Légumes

artichoke => artichaut
asparagus => asperge
baked beans => haricots blancs à la sauce tomate
baked potatoes => pommes de terre au four
beans => haricots
beetroot, beets => betterave
broccoli => brocoli
brussels sprouts => choux de Bruxelles
cabbage => chou
carrot => carotte
cauliflower => chou-fleur
cauliflower cheese, cauliflower gratin => gratin de chou-fleur
celery => céleri
cherry tomato => tomate-cerise
chips, french fries (US) => frites
corn-on-the-cob => épi de maïs
cucumber => concombre
aubergine, eggplant (US) => aubergine
squash => courge
green beans / french beans => haricots verts
green/red pepper => poivron vert/rouge
jacket potatoes (GB), baked potato (US) => pommes de terre en robe des champs
kidney beans => haricots rouges
leek => poireau
lentils => lentilles
lettuce => laitue
mashed potatoes => purée de pomme de terre
mushroom => champignon
onion => oignon
organic => bio
peas => petit pois
potato => pomme de terre
radish => radis
roast potatoes => pommes de terre rôties
salad => salade
spinach => épinards
spring onion => oignion blanc
tomato => tomate
turnip => navet
zucchini => courgettes

Drinks : les boissons
alcohol => alcool
alcoholic => alcoolisé
apple juice => jus de pommes
bar => bar
beer => bière
bottle => bouteille
brandy => cognac
champagne => champagne
cider => cidre
cocktail => cocktail
coffee => café
Coke => Coca
drink => boisson
dry sec ; brut
fizzy, carbonated => pétillant ; gazeux
fruit juice => jus de fruit
gin => gin
glass => verre
grape juice => jus de raisins
ground/instant coffee => café moulu/soluble
herb tea => infusion
hot chocolate => chocolat chaud
ice cube => glaçon
juice => jus
lemonade => limonade ; boisson gazeuse
liqueur => liqueur
milk => lait
mineral water, plain water => eau minerale
non-alcoholic => non alcoolisé
orange juice => jus d’orange
orange squash, orangeade => orangeade
port => porto
refreshments => rafraîchissements
rum => rhum
sherry => sherry
soft drink => boisson non alcoolisée
sparkling water => eau gazeuse
sparkling wine => vin mousseux
spirit => alcool fort
sweet => doux
table wine => vin de table
tea (with milk/lemon) => thé (au lait/au citron)
tonic water => Schweppes
tray => plateau
vodka => vodka
whisky, whiskey => whisky
wine bar => bar
a pint of beer => une pinte de bière
a can of Coke => un Coca (en boîte)
black/white coffee => café noir/café au lait
red/rosé/white wine => vin rouge/rosé/blanc

Dessert => dessert

apple pie => tarte aux pommes
cheesecake => gâteau au fromage blanc
cookie => biscuit
cream => crème
custard => crème anglaise
donut => beignet
fresh cream => crème fraîche
ice cream => glace
jelly (GB), jello (US) => gelée
pie, tart => tarte
pudding => pudding
sweet (GB), dessert (US) => dessert
tart => tarte
whipped cream => crème fouettée, chantilly

Seasonings and Ingredients: Epices et ingrédients

(cooking) oil => huile
basil => basilic
cinnamon => cannelle
curry => curry
cloves => clous de girofle
nutmeg => muscade
garlic => ail
herbs => fines herbes
mayonnaise => mayonnaise
mint => menthe
mustard => moutarde
olive oil => huile d’olive
parsley => persil
pepper => poivre
pickled onions => oignons macérés dans du vinaigre
rosemary => romarin
salad dressing => vinaigrette
salt => sel
sauce => sauce
seasoning => assaisonnement
spices => épices
sunflower oil => huile de tournesol
(tomato) ketchup/catsup => ketchup
vinegar => vinaigre

Verbes utiles

to have breakfast / lunch / dinner / supper => prendre son petit-déjeuner / déjeuner / dîner / souper
to add => ajouter
to be hungry => avoir faim
to be thirsty => avoir soif
to pour => verser
to spread => étaler
to sprinkle => saupoudrer
to season (with) => assaisonner (avec)
to flavour (with) => aromatiser (avec)
to drink => boire
to get drunk => se saouler
to fill => remplir
to fry => frire
to take out => à emporter
to taste => goûter
to order => commander
to dine in => manger sur place

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